Xinjiang Noodle Dough Enchiladas. Really.

With my crock pot full of fermenting cabbage this month, I’ve had to start re-thinking my usual culinary fall-back techniques of, well, throwing everything in the fridge into the crock pot and hoping for the best.  Since I went a bit overboard on tacos and spaghetti bolognese last week, I thought I’d veer out into a whole new direction.


Now, when we were parked down in Oaxaca about three years ago, en route to wherever our money ran out, I ate a lot of enchiladas. I even ate zucchini blossom enchiladas on the Day of the Dead. I’ve had mole enchiladas of all hues, and have delved into both the roja and the verde. I’ve also had some lovely, bastardized, gringa’fied ones since- even some surprisingly good ones here in Shanghai.

I haven’t, however, made enchiladas in Shanghai. I have no idea why, as I’m pretty much the Queen of Tacos and Quesadillas in this household (mainly because Doug can’t exactly be crowned Queen).

However, with the crock pot being used elsewhere and my desire to delve into unexplored realms at a reasonable high, I started researching chicken enchiladas.

Oh, Google, you kill me.

Or rather, oh people who make it to the top of Google’s recipe-finding algorithms, you kill me.

Things they call for that I can’t provide:

  1. vast quantities of pre-shredded ‘Mexi’ cheese (no idea exactly what this is)
  2. sour cream
  3. jars of Heinz Chili Sauce
  4. tin of refried beans
  5. tins of Campbells’ condensed chicken or mushroom soup
  6. tinned chilies
  7. packets of Mexican spice mix (or, ahem, ‘mild taco seasoning mix’)
  8. deli rotisserie chicken
  9. cream cheese
  10. tinned enchilada sauce
  11. bag of supermarket tortillas


Hey, aren't those pigs flying? Hey, is that enchilada sauce and sour cream I see on that shelf at Jiadeli?

I could go on indefinitely.

I decided to venture into unknown territory. I’ve never actually ever made enchiladas myself, though I have eaten many and have assisted my mother on occasion. I know roughly how they are formed, what they contain, and how they ought to turn out.

Thus, this recipe is what I threw together in an attempt to follow this approximate path, whilst still managing to pretty much ignore everyone else’s directions. If you have any of the ingredients that I made the hard way (I’m looking at you, tinned enchilada sauce!), by all means use them.

Also, if you make some of the bits and pieces at your leisure beforehand- the tortilla dough, the roasted veggies, the salsa– it’ll all come together fairly quickly and easily.  Not as quickly or as easily as buying pre-made tortillas, rotisserie chicken, tins of enchilada sauce and pre-shredded cheese, but hey, I’m in freaking China. Slack must be cut.

You need four basic parts: tortillas, chicken, sauce, cheese. Also (optional), salsa and cilantro.

Go buy some cheese, okay? I’ll wait for you here. Mine was a knob of mozza, about the size of two fingers.

There's a long, ranty story behind the acquisition of this measly stump of cheese, from which I will spare you

And you also need some chilies, tomatoes and onion.

The most colourful things amongst the winter vegetables out there

Oh, and 2 chicken breasts. I’m not going to post a photo though, because chicken breasts are not photogenic.

We’ll start first with the sauce, as it can be done in advance.

The Sauce


Part 1: You first need to make the roasted veggies that will flavour the sauce.


  • half a purple onion (other kinds okay but I like purple)
  • a few chilies, medium sized (the tiny bullet ones just turn to charcoal in the oven). Bell peppers (red or yellow) are also okay if you can get them.
  • tomatoes (I used cherry tomatoes as the current winter crop of regular ones are mealy, hard and grim)
  • oil (I used last week’s gorgeous roasted garlic oil)
  • a few sprinkles of kosher/sea salt if you have it (regular is fine)


Toss the onion, peppers and tomatoes (halved) in the oil and spread them out onto a cookie sheet. I used foil on mine because I tend to also bake cookies on it (hence the name) and am not too keen to mingle the flavours so much.

Toss them in last week's roasted garlic oil and roast on 200C for about half an hour
After much roasting, the veggies emerge...roasted

Let it all cool down a bit. The skins will separate most conveniently from the tomatoes and chilies, leaving you with just their gorgeous inner selves. Cut the onion up into tiny pieces (unless you like huge chunks of onion in your otherwise smooth cream sauces). Get a small bowl and a fork and mash the hell out of it all.

I mashed it all together into a ridiculously tasty paste.

This can be put aside for another day, if you wish.

If you are feeling ambitious, you can continue on with the rest of the sauce. 

Part 2: The White Sauce (that will actually be red in the end)


You need:

  • knob of butter (a square inch or so)
  • a heaping table spoon of flour
  • 1.5 cups of milk (or, as I did, half milk, half leftover broth from poaching the chicken– see below)


Do you know how to make a roux? You need a roux here as you’ll be making a bog-simple white sauce. Here’s one I made earlier (just don’t go adding the worcestershire sauce, beer and mustard and all, as those are for the Rarebit only!). Here’s another, with bigger photos.

The basic idea of a roux is this:


  • melt your butter in an adorable little sauce pan, over a low-ish flame
  • when the butter is melted, stir in the flour quickly, making sure it doesn’t get lumpy. Stir stir stir. A little browning gives it a nice nuttiness.
  • slowly add the liquid (milk and a bit of the broth, if you fancy), stirring all the while to prevent lumps. Stir stir stir.


It’ll start to thicken after a while, when the liquids begin to plump up the flour molecules. Stir it over that low flame until it reaches a thickness like your mother’s lovely Christmas cheese sauce.

Dump the roasted red paste into the white sauce, give it a stir until nicely mixed in, remove from heat.

Add the roasted tomato-onion-chili paste to the white sauce. It tastes better than it looks.

This can all be set aside for later. Put a lid on it and put it aside.

The Chicken!


I miss my crock pot, but it is busy fermenting me some experimental sauerkraut so I mustn’t be resentful. I’m working around its absence by doing a lot of wok sauteeing. If you want, you could probably also sautee your chicken but I’m a huge fan of shredding.

You need:

  • 2 chicken breasts ( or equivalent in other parts, if you prefer)
  • at least half a head of garlic, peeled, cut into rough slices
  • pinch of salt, a few peppercorns (optional but fun)
  • a biggish pot of potable water, brought to a gentle roil (not a burbling big boil- we’re being gentle today)


The inevitable 3/4 head of garlic. If you prefer, you can use less. Wimp.

Place the chicken breasts into the pot of roiling water, add the garlic, salt and peppercorns. Put a lid on it and let it burble away gently for about half an hour or so.

Haul the chicken bosoms out and give them a moment to cool down. Then do this to them:

Shred it like last year's dodgy accounting files

Put the shredded chicken into a biggish bowl (well, a bowl big enough to hold that much chicken) and start fishing out the garlic from the poaching broth. Mash it up in the bowl of shredded chicken.

I also spooned some of the broth over the shredded chicken to keep it moist while I did other things, which was quite lovely.

Salvage the poached garlic to mash up into the shredded chicken

Get the wok out. You know you want to.

Chop up the other half of the onion that you roasted earlier, as well as some of those little fire cracker chilies. Heat up the wok, throw in a splash of oil, and sautee them til golden brown.

Look! The wok finally shows up! Sautee yourself about half an onion and a few hot chilies!

Add the sauteed onion-chili mix to the shredded chicken and let them marinate together for an hour or so in the fridge. The flavours will meld gorgeously.

The Tortillas


Er, we’ve been here before. See my taco post for detailed tortilla instructions.

Same dough3 cups flour, one cup water, 2 tsp salt. Mix, knead, rest. Slice off a golf-ball piece. Flatten with palm. Roll out thin and round’ish. Cook in dry wok 1 minute each side, then again until they puff up like a balloon.

The only difference here is to make the tortillas a bit smaller (my baking tins are kind of small so my tortillas could only be about the size of a smallish side plate, maybe 6 inches in diameter) and thinner (to avoid doughiness when baked). Try to make them close to the time that you plan to bake your enchiladas so they are still fresh and soft and pliable.

Make your wok chapatis super thin so they don't get soggy and doughy when baking
Here are a few I'd made for my previous taco post, nestled in their comfy tea towel.

The Assembly of the Enchilada


Let’s just make sure we have everything.

  1. Chicken?
  2. Roasted tomato-pepper sauce?
  3. Tortillas?
  4. Cheese? About a cup or so, grated?
  5. Cilantro, if desired and not abhorred?


Now do this:


Pre-heat the oven to 180C.

Get out a baking dish (or 2 if it’s small like mine). It needs to have sides at least 4 cm high, to hold the enchiladas and their sauce in. I use flimsy disposable cake tins (that I dutifully wash and re-use because apparently I was raised during the Great Depression).

Spoon some of the roasted red sauce into the bottom of your baking dish(es) and smooth it around so that it is coated thinly (like, half a cm will do).

Then get your chicken, tortillas and cilantro (if you like cilantro) and start wrapping.

Spoon about half a cup of the shredded chicken mix into the middle of a wok tortilla and sprinkle it with fairy dust. Or cilantro. Your call.

Roll up the tortilla, with the flap underneath, smooth side up. Do that for all of them. I made 6 enchiladas, spread out over 2 baking tins. If you have a larger baking dish,by all means fill that sucker up. I still have spare shredded chicken in the fridge, enough for 2 or 3 more enchiladas.

Put the rolled up tortillas into the baking dish, onto the thin layer of sauce. Fill up the baking dish with tortilla rolls.

Spoon the sauce over the rolls in the baking dish until they’re well lubricated. Sprinkle with cheese. I added a decadent few gratings of cheddar too. Bake for about 30 minutes.

Here they are before they went into the oven!
And here they are after about 30 minutes on 180C.

I served mine with home made salsa (basically just chopped up onion, tomato, chilies, cilantro, marinated in lime juice for a few hours).  A little dollop of thick Turkish yogurt would have been awesome too.

They were freaking awesome.
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  1. mjskit says:

    Well, I’m impressed! Everything from scratch, even the tortillas! Great job! Looks like a deliciously hearty batch of enchiladas. You’re making really, really hungry!
    mjskit recently posted..Caramel Apple PieMy Profile

    1. MaryAnne says:

      Thank you! Sometimes things have to be done entirely from scratch here because none of the prepared foods are available (or affordable- a bag of 10 stale, glued-together Old El Paso tortillas in the import supermarket goes for about $14!). Luckily these days we can get cheese, but it’s pricy and limited in choice.

      And yes, very hearty! It’s been so cold and grey and utterly February-ish here so I thought some comfort food would serve us well. While they were in the oven baking, the flat smelled gorgeous. I had initially considered making the more minimalist Mexican styled ones (much smaller, with less sauce and no gooey cheese coating, just some crumbly Oaxacan farmer’s cheese) but the weather just called for an indulgent, gringo version!

  2. DSW says:

    I’m definitely making this…. I eat quite a lot of Mexican food in China, but it’s a bit unadventurous. Mostly just Mexisoup from Metro.
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    1. MaryAnne says:

      What, dare I ask, is Mexisoup? I go to the Pudong Metro every few months but don’t recall seeing such a thing. Am dreadfully curious. Is it like a tinned tortilla soup? A sachet of msg in the guise of a caldo xochitl?

      And definitely do make this- I know it took me nearly 2000 words to write it out, step by step, but it’s actually pretty straight forward…

  3. DSW says:

    Oh, I wasn’t thinking. My wife and I talk about Mexisoup as though it’s a real thing that other people know… It’s basically just salsa, refried beans, tomato paste, and cilantro. And other stuff maybe. Some vegetables.

    Actually, my wife is the one who’s obsessed with Mexican food. She makes the weekly pilgrimage to Metro, and she makes the Mexisoup. I handle steaks and chops, she handles soups.
    DSW recently posted..Korea Does Blackface. Again.My Profile

    1. MaryAnne says:

      Ha- awesome. I’ve done something similar in the past, involving salsa, cilantro and tomato paste…

  4. Lots of homemade effort here which means that these surely beat a lot of those semi homemade recipes. I am ready to come over and try these-yum! Also, the can of soup on that first list is yuck, not sure why someone would want to use that. Well done!

    1. MaryAnne says:

      Thank you! I’m feeling so frustrated by all those semi-homemade recipes out there, as they tend to be near the top of the list for search results. I’ve googled various cakes and cookies and I get instructions for adding soda to cake mix or crumbled up oreos mixed with, say, chopped up peanut butter cups, both to be baked in, er, a brownie mix. It’s as if people think that assembling flour, baking powder, sugar, butter etc is waaaaaay too hard. The same for the enchilada recipes I found- very few were actually recipes- they were more like instructions for assembly. And yeah, condensed soup? Blech.

    2. Achal says:

      Yum-o! Just tried this for dinner tgoinht and it was delicious! 🙂 I didn’t have any sour cream so I just used plain yogurt, and we thought it turned out great.

  5. Tracyann0312 says:

    It looks delicious Mary Anne. I have never been encounter such noodle dough like you have in your blog. I do not know if you bake it with cheese of you just add caramelized sauce?
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    1. MaryAnne says:

      Baked with both cheese and the sauce. It’s delicious.

  6. ECL says:

    These enchiladas are delicious! I’m embarrassed to admit that I live in Texas and still couldn’t find a decent at-home recipe… until I stumbled onto your site. Thank you, you’re a hero in this house!

    1. MaryAnne says:

      Wow. I’m honoured! Thanks! Did you do the whole thing from scratch, even though you are in the homeland of conveniently pre-prepared ingredients?

      1. ECL says:

        Yes, I did do the whole thing from scratch the first time. Now I use store-bought tortillas. But the pre-prepared sauces I’ve tried are nowhere near as good as from scratch!

        1. MaryAnne says:

          Happy to hear that! Making everything from scratch here has really made me unable to enjoy the pre-prepared versions anymore when I go home to see my family in Canada (like pasta sauces, soups, etc).

          If I could buy tortillas at the store, I would, just for convenience… as it is, I keep a ball of dough in my fridge, just in case!

  7. Cathy Werneck says:

    You have no idea how happy I am to find your blog!! I’ve recently moved from North Carolina to Brazil. I thought I was a pretty good cook, until I moved down here a realized everything I made was from some sort of mix, box or can. My family has been starving since I have no clue what to do without all my staples from the US!!!! Thank you, thank you from the bottom of my heart for this recipe. I can’t wait to try it tonight and keep poking around for others to test out on here.

    1. MaryAnne says:

      Thank you! I totally understand your situation, though having lived in inconvenient places for the past decade or so, I haven’t had the opportunity to revel in said mixes, boxes and cans for a really long time. Some days here, I’m so tired when i come home from work and all I want is a jar of Classico pasta sauce… 😉

      Hope you enjoy the rest of the blog too. If you are interested, in the Made in Jianada section there are a number of Chinese recipes I recreated when I was back in Canada from scratch. They turned out really well. The Lanzhou lamian series (hand pulled noodles and rich beef broth) is one of my favourites.

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